Data security is a multi-faceted undertaking that covers a range of technologies and business processes. The goal is to guard personal information of employees and customers against data breaches, cyberattacks or other unauthorized exposure risks. This covers everything from comprehensive frameworks for policy and data sanitization methods to cybersecurity software.

The best defense against hackers is to encode sensitive data. This prevents unauthorised access by requiring proper key to decode the data. It’s an essential part of most security strategies, and explicitly required by many compliance standards.

Redundancy and backups are crucial for security of data. A backup that is physically stored at another location can help reduce the risk of losing information in a natural catastrophe.

Data minimization is also important. The more information you have the more hackers will target you.

It’s crucial to know where your data is at all time. This is especially crucial in the fields that are regulated by law, such as healthcare or credit card processing. Compliance with government regulations such as HIPAA and the GDPR is essential. Data management tools, which allow you to see all your data in one place and have robust auditing capabilities are essential.